Don't take your eyes for granted. Take these easy
steps to keep your peepers healthy.
1. Eat Well

Good eye health starts with the food on your
plate. Nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, lutein,
zinc, and vitamins C and E might help ward off
age-related vision problems like macular
degeneration and cataracts. To get them, fill your
plate with:

Green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, and
collards
Salmon, tuna, and other oily fish
Eggs, nuts, beans, and other nonmeat protein
sources
Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices
Oysters and pork
A well- balanced diet also helps you stay at
a healthy weight. 
That lowers your odds of obesity
and related diseases like type 2 diabetes , which is
the leading cause of blindness in adults.
2. Quit Smoking

It makes you more likely to get cataracts, damage
to your optic nerve, and macular degeneration,
among many other medical problems. If you've
tried to kick the habit before only to start again,
keep at it. The more times you try to quit, the
more likely you are to succeed. Ask your doctor
for help.

3. Wear Sunglasses
The right pair of shades will help protect
your eyes from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too
much UV exposure boosts your chances
of cataracts and macular degeneration.

Choose a pair that blocks 99% to 100% of UVA
and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses help protect your
eyes from the side. Polarized lenses reduce glare
while you drive.

If you wear contact lenses , some offer UV
protection. It's still a good idea to wear sunglasses
for an extra layer.

4. Use Safety Eyewear
If you use hazardous or airborne materials on the
job or at home, wear safety glasses or protective
goggles.

Sports like ice hockey, racquetball, and lacrosse
can also lead to eye injury. Wear eye protection.
Helmets with protective face masks or sports
goggles with polycarbonate lenses will shield your
eyes.

5. Look Away From the Computer
Screen
Staring at a computer or phone screen for too long
can cause:

Eyestrain
Blurry vision
Trouble focusing at a distance
Dry eyes
Headaches
Neck, back, and shoulder pain
To protect your eyes:

Make sure your glasses or contacts
prescription is up to date and good for looking
at a computer screen.

If your eye strain won’t go away, talk to your
doctor about computer glasses.

Move the screen so your eyes are level with
the top of the monitor. That lets you look
slightly down at the screen.

Try to avoid glare from windows and lights.
Use an anti-glare screen if needed.

Choose a comfortable, supportive chair.

Position it so that your feet are flat on the
floor.

If your eyes are dry, blink more.
Rest your eyes every 20 minutes. Look 20 feet
away for 20 seconds. Get up at least every 2
hours and take a 15-minute break.

6. Visit Your Eye Doctor Regularly
Everyone needs a regular eye exam, even young
children. It helps protect your sight and lets you
see your best.

Eye exams can also find diseases, like glaucoma ,
that have no symptoms. It's important to spot
them early on, when they're easier to treat.
Depending on your eye health needs, you can see
one of two types of doctors:
Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who
specialize in eye care. 
They can provide
general eye care, treat eye diseases, and
perform eye surgery.

Optometrists have had 4 years of specialized
training after college. They provide general eye
care and treat the most common eye diseases.
They don't do eye surgery.

A comprehensive eye exam might include:
Talking about your personal and family medical
history

Vision tests to see if
you’re nearsighted, farsighted, have an
astigmatism (a curved cornea that blurs
vision), or presbyopia (age-related vision
changes)

Tests to see how well your eyes work together
Eye pressure and optic nerve tests to check
for glaucoma

External and microscopic examination of your
eyes before and after dilation